Category: <span>How do I tell the children?</span>

When a Parent or Loved One Goes to Jail

How do I tell the children their parent or loved one went to jail? Book Review: The Night Dad Went to Jail by Melissa Higgins Dad went to jail The Night Dad Went to Jail is a children’s book has been on my radar to check out for a long time since I come across several children and teens whose parent went to jail. Having a parent or loved one go to jail can be extremely traumatic and jarring for most children. It’s a big transition that can come with confusion, shame, fear, worry and sadness. This book does a really nice job of normalizing the feelings that children have when faced with this difficult situation. I like that it also folds in statistics about parents in jail/prison and recommendations for the person reading the book to the child. Another positive aspect of the book is that it incorporates interactions with police, social workers, therapists, and a caregiver — all supporting the child. Additionally, the book is written in the first person, the eyes of this young bunny. It very much reads like a narrative that is often used in Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavior Therapy (TFCBT) — an exposure based trauma treatment where children and teens draw or write out the details of their trauma and work with their therapist to modify negative thoughts or beliefs about the event, themselves or their future. As a certified TFCBT therapist, it was heartwarming to read this book which provides great information, recommendations, and above all, providing normalization for kiddos’ and their parents’ reactions in the face of such a challenging situation. What to say: Depending on the child’s age and their level of understanding, you will have to craft out an explanation in their own language or phrasing. Most children know about cause and effect, so keeping it as simple without too many details of the actual crime could suffice in the beginning. A sample explanation can be: “Your mom or dad (or the name of the loved one) may have broken the law (or rules) and the police are asking him/her questions. Sometimes these things take a while — maybe some days, maybe months. If mom/dad/loved one broke a rule/law, we might not see them for a while. Depending on the developmental stage the child is in, sometimes they believe that they are at fault or to blame. Make sure to reassure the child that adults are responsible for their own behavior. You can also distinguish the behavior from the character of the person if necessary. Such as, “Mom/dad/loved one is not a bad person, he/she broke a rule/law. He/she loves you very much and misses you too.” Encourage them to talk with you about their fears, concerns, or any thoughts and feelings they might be having. Above all, be willing and open to listening to them and validate their feelings (even if their thoughts might be distorted). Employ the “yes, and” communication rule in your vocabulary to help them see the validity of their emotions, and how sometimes they can be clouded by negative thoughts. An example can be, “I know that you’re sad and feeling guilty about this being your fault, and mom/dad/loved one is an adult and all adults are responsible for their own behavior.” Therapist tip: Sometimes children have a hard time opening up about a certain situation, feelings, or distressing topic. It can help to have a story read, told to them, or even watching a movie about another person going through the same or similar situation. It can get the very difficult conversation started. Amazon Prime tip: If you have Amazon Prime, currently this book is listed as an unlimited free read and download on the Kindle app. That’s how I read it. But since I liked it so much, I’m going to buy it and keep it in my arsenal of books in the office. If you believe that you or your child is struggling with a transition such as this one, feel free to contact me and we can set up a consultation session to discuss the specifics of your situation and how to tailor interventions. To purchase or download the book for free, click on the image below: *Disclaimer: I am a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for me to earn fees by linking to and affiliated sites. You should also know that I stand by my recommendations as I read or use everything I recommend. The fees earned from go toward purchasing more books and materials used in my practice. 

10 Tips for Navigating the Pre-School Blues

Navigating the pre-school blues is a hot ticket topic at home currently. My little one (LO) just started pre-school and it’s triggered so many emotions and catastrophic thoughts for everyone in my family. My LO has been crying at drop off every day. “It was gutting” is what I said to my husband when he asked me how it went. He’s known it too well as he’s the one who primarily drops her off. So I’m writing this post first as a mom, then second as a child therapist.

I started writing this post just as she left the house on day 10 and had yet another crying spell. I’m happy to report that by day 11 (today), she broke the crying spells (so far). My intention was to write the post on how we were managing, not how we got through it. Since today is day 1 of no crying, I’ll stick with how we’re managing.

10 Tips for navigating the pre-school blues:

  1. Visit the new school several times before start date. This wasn’t fair for my little one (LO). And I knew better. I recommend that there are frequent trips driving to the new school, taking them on a tour of the facility, meet the teachers, staff, etc. My LO was going to start on a Tuesday and she found out/saw the new place on the Friday right before (and after a dr appointment no less). Gradual exposure is the best with separation anxiety.
  2. Reading books about the transition to pre-school/kindergarten. (Disclosure: some of the links used are Amazon affiliate links where I get a small commission from purchases made from the links. Read more about my disclosure statement below*) Last year my LO started daycare and knowing it was going to be big transition from being at Nana’s everyday, we read “Llama Llama Misses Mama.” It’s such a sweet and heartwarming book. My daughter loved it and it really helped her feel validated. It also helped me understand what a child might be going through when they’re hesitant about starting school. Recently we revisited Llama Llama Misses Mama, and she responded to it in such a different way. We also added to the rotation, “Look out Kindergarten, Here I come“. This book came from my office collection. I used it with children who had such a hard time staying in daycare/school, that they were no longer attending. This book, along with gradual exposure (discussed above) really helped. Both books are great at highlighting the cool and fun things children will do at school. My LO started to draw comparisons between the characters and herself, not only when reading the books, but even when talking about.

3. Comfort or Transitional Object. A transitional object is an object that comes from the child’s home that they take with them to provide comfort, soothing and a sense of security. I had read about it when I was in college, but I saw it in action when my nephew was a baby, he was super attached to his mom’s silky nightgown. Eventually the nightgown was torn and tattered, but he still couldn’t sleep without it. So they cut it and tied it in half so he could sleep with it. When he started school, he took it with him in his backpack. It provided safety and comfort for him. Of course, he’ll deny it if asked, but that’s for another article about teenagers. There’s a wonderful article on transitional objects here. I bought the elastic hairbands (to give away as party favors) below for my daughter’s birthday before starting pre-k. She loved them. A few of her daycare friends attended the party and they all wore the bands on their wrists. Since I had a few left over, five days into pre-school and with her crying daily at drop off and during arts & crafts (she told me this when reading Llama Llama Misses Mama , by the way), I remembered about the hair bands. I gave her one and told her that she could wear the hairband on her wrist and when she’s feeling sad, she can take a look at it and remember that it’s ok to feel sad, and that mommy and papa love her, and would always come back to pick her up around 4:30pm. Because she liked it to begin with, she went for it. A few days later, she lost it and started crying. We got her another one and she was happy about it again. I’d ask her daily if she wanted to leave it at home or continue to wear it and she was always up for wearing it. Comfort objects can be anything from a sticker, a toy, blanket, fabric swatch, stuffed animal. Check with your child’s school about what they can bring with them since many only allow certain toys on certain days (for us, Fridays are “Share Days”).

A note about these hair/wrist bands, you can totally DIY it. Just buy elastic, snip two ends and tie a strong knot. Amazon has tons of elastic in different colors and prints.

4. Mantras. I really love the book below, “I can handle it” because it reinforces the idea that one can have challenging situations with strong feelings and still being able to handle it, all at the same time by first telling yourself, “I can handle it.” The book gives different examples of how to “handle it” such as healthy coping, making good decisions, and telling yourself over and over again, “I can handle it.” Come up with a positive thought about your child’s coping and say it over and over again throughout the days. Some that we used with our LO were “I’m going to make new friends,” “I’m going to learn new things,” “I love recess time,” and “I can feel sad and play with my friends at the same time.”

5. Deep breathing. Deep breathing really helps to reset and soothe our fight and flight response. On week 2, we started having her take deep breaths with one hand on her heart and one on her belly. We’ve watched the videos below hundreds of times on breathing and they’ve totally helped us in remembering to breathe and how to do it.

6. Understanding Anxiety. The “Just Breathe” video above talks a little bit about the brain and the amygdala driving our big emotions. When my LO is feeling scared or sad, I ask her where in her body does she feel it. In that moment, she stops and checks in with her body to see. She usually says she feels in her heart, or her forehead. Then we come up with a plan for how to soothe. The book below is my favorite book on Anxiety. I share it with both children and adults.

7. Praise. Praise is a win-win skill where the parent praises a specific positive behavior in a child. It lets the child know that the parent is paying attention, it makes them feel good about themselves for doing something well, and the parent feels good about catching their child do something well. In this situation, praise all efforts at being brave even when they’re sad or scared. Praise them for staying at school even when they were feeling scared. Praise them for calming down shortly after mom and dad left (by the way, LO’s teacher said she only cried for about 2 minutes after drop off them starting playing with the other children). Praise them for playing well with the other children. You might need to speak with the teacher to find out what their day was like and any positive highlights that you can help.

8. TLC and QT. Lots of tender, love & care, along with quality time really helped in the days before she finally acclimated well without crying. In retrospect, we should have done it sooner, because it will always help with the transition from school to home anyway, but also with relationship enhancement. For us, we worked on a Halloween arts and crafts project and she had such a blast. I really think that helped make the difference. My husband would also take her to get a small treat like juice or frozen yogurt after school where they only talked about the day. This has been so essential for our LO because she really does enjoy quality time with us. It’s definitely her love language. She asks us to carry and cuddle her more these days and we happily comply.

9. Compassion. Having compassion for your child and you as parents is going to save the day, everyday! Your little one is starting something new and that can be scary! Think of when you started a new school, job, or situation. I often think of my immigrant mom who left her country (El Salvador) for the U.S. with no luggage or anything. She didn’t know the language, the customs, or if things would work out for her. Although in reality, you’re you’re not shipping your little one to another country, for your child, it might actually feel like it. New people, schedules, rules, toys, etc. Compassion for your little can sound like, “I know starting school is hard;” “You really miss your daycare friends and teacher;” “I know you love staying at home with (insert caregiver). You’re having a difficult time with this.” We started having play dates with my LO’s daycare friends and they all talk about how “big kid school” is treating them.

10. Self-care. This one’s for you brave, tired, unsure, scared and hopeful parent! I wrote this blog titled, “How to be a better parent by being self(care)ish” where I discuss how nourishing yourself first as a parent will help you deal with the trials and tribulations of parenthood (and all the other roles you’re navigating too). The truth is that as a parent you give so much of yourself and sometimes it leaves nothing else for you, leaving you depleted and vulnerable to difficult emotions. Having a good supply of gas in your tank will help you have compassion, feel good about TLC and quality time with your LO, and might even help you come up with brilliant ideas to help your LO navigate the pre-school blues. You know your child the best and you are the single most important person in his/her life. And because of that, you both deserve to have you well.

Navigating any big change with your LOs is hard. Remember that your little one and you are doing the best you can in this moment with the tools you currently have. Do you need more tools? Feel free to reach out to me to set up a consultation at (323) 351-1741. I provide consultations that are not necessarily therapy, but more like brainstorming, skill coaching, and/or conversation about what’s been helpful for a particular parenting issue you’re dealing with.

*Disclaimer: I am a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for me to earn fees by linking to and affiliated sites. You should also know that I stand by my recommendations as I read or use everything I recommend. The fees earned from go toward purchasing more books and materials used in my practice. 

*Disclosure: These recommendations are not meant to replace your own professional therapy. Please seek professional mental health services to further understand your problems, symptoms, and situation.

Grieving after an Affair

Janis Abrahms Spring, Ph.D wrote the amazing guide book, “After the Affair” (this is an affiliate link) for couples struggling after an affair. She is able to break down such complex dynamics that occur in a relationship and/or in an individual when an affair occurs. She labels the partner who didn’t cheat as the “hurt partner” and I love that she does so because underneath the anger, frustration, rage and other emotions, at the very core it is hurt that they are experiencing. Spring points out that these partners are not only going through betrayal, but also a sense of loss of self when a partner cheats. In this short article, I want to focus on the marvelous job she did with highlighting the losses that can come up for many hurt partners when there has been infidelity (but seriously, go get the book. I don’t do this topic the justice Dr. Abrahms Spring does). Additionally, I’d also like to point out that partners are  not the only ones who experience grief and pain when there is infidelity, children of partners who engage in adultery might also experience a lot of these losses when they find out about it. I’ll add my ideas about children’s reactions to each identified loss.

The following are 9 losses that Janis Abrahms Spring highlights:

# 1: Loss of Identity. When people first find out that their partner has been unfaithful a typical response is to feel as though they have lost a part of their identity or basic sense of who they are. For example, if a someone believed that we were the sun and the moon to their partner, or completely respected by them, an affair can trigger lots of confusion about who they think their partner is, and consequently, who they are to their partner. “If you are not who I thought you were and who I believed loved and respected me, then who am I to you?”

#2: Loss of Sense of Specialness.  Similarly to #1, a loss of sense of specialness can occur as well. An affair can signify a major discrepancy in what the partner thought they had in a “happy marriage” or union. It can mark a betrayal of sacred vows and “oneness” that are hallmarks in committed relationships. Additionally, for children, an affair can also be interpreted as the parent “not loving us enough” and betraying the whole family, not just the partner.

#3: Loss of Self-Respect for debasing and compromising self for the relationship. In this loss, some people might feel as though they lost self-respect due to comprising their worth by engaging in extreme behavior non-typical to win the offending partner back or keep the relationship from ending. Examples can include, changing their appearance to win their partner back (extreme weight loss, wearing different types of clothing, or excessive exercising to lose weight).

#4: Loss of Self-Respect when denying signs of Infidelity.  After an affair is out in the open, the hurt partner may start having flashbacks about red flags they denied or even knowing that the affair was taking place, but did nothing about it, confront it or turn a blind eye. Someone experiencing this should know that from a trauma perspective, this makes sense since your brain is trying to protect you from experiencing pain, therefore avoidance of a very painful fact can be quite common. For children, they may take on the burden of keeping this “secret” if they know or feel as though they are responsible to “fixing” the problem. Tip: when talking to children about this, always make sure to they hear from the adult that what adults do is never their fault. Adults are responsible for their own actions, even though those actions might not always be right.

#5: Loss of Control over own thoughts and actions. This is a big one for anyone after experiencing betrayal in a relationship. You might be feeling out of control with your thoughts going a mile a minute or experiencing flashbacks of memories or images of the betrayal. Having a partner who has cheated can be very traumatic for many. Therefore, a normal reaction of the body after experiencing a traumatic event is for it to get ready to fight or flee. Because the body might be trying to protect you and getting you ready to “fight or flee” you might be experiencing body aches, insomnia, paranoia about your partner’s whereabouts (or who they are talking to), sadness, muscle tension, feeling physically ill (headaches, stomach aches, pounding heart, hot flashes). Abrahms Spring highlights even having thoughts of revenge or acting in ways that are not typical for you might come up. In children, we see that when they are going through a stressful time, they will act out physically with peers, are highly irritable, and even withdraw from peers.

#6: Loss of sense of Order/Justice. For some, an affair can trigger a sense that there is no order or justice in the world. Lots of “should” thoughts/statements might come up, such as, “I’m a good person. This should not have happened;” “This isn’t  fair;” “I kept my vows. There is no justice in this world;” “Why do bad things happen to good people? I’m a good person.” “How unfair that I will never love or trust again.”

#7: Loss of Religious Faith. Piggy backing from #6, some people might also begin to feel a loss of religious or spiritual faith. Spring recalls some of her clients saying, “If God loves me, how could he do this to me?” It is normal for someone experiencing betrayal to question fairness and justice, especially from a higher power during such a devastating time.

#8: Loss of Connection with Others. Because some people might be struggling with shame, embarrassment, fearing ridicule, or even extreme guilt, they might be withdrawing from close family and friends. Abrahms Spring does a really great job of highlighting what loved one of the couple might be going through when they hear about the affair. She normalizes the loss of connection with others either due to the hurt partner’s isolating themselves while they deal with these losses, or even because sometimes loved ones simply don’t know what to do or how to respond to such a crisis. Although, she also points out that the hurt partner might also be withdrawn from others due to holding this secret in and even protecting their partner who cheated. This point applies to children as well since they too can attempt to protect parents during times of grief. They might also feel disconnected because they are as they are probably not engaging very much with family or friends due to parents staying away from functions.

#9: Loss of sense of Purpose. The last loss she mentions is the loss of sense of purpose. When the grief is most severe, she highlights that some people might spiral into a deep depression where they questions their sense of purpose and finding it hard to live with the pain of the betrayal. If you or someone you feels as though “living feels more painful” it’s a big sign that professional help might be needed.

I strongly urge everyone who is grieving after an affair to pick up the book, “After the Affair.” It’s comprehensive and non-judgmental. It’s completely revolutionized the way I think about affairs and has helped me understand the complicated dynamic that occurs before, during and after infidelity.

As with any type of grief, it’s important that we acknowledge the feelings that come up during difficult times and talk to people who understand what this process is like. Having your emotions validated and normalized can make a world of difference in your healing process.


If you feel triggered by this article and are in need of some immediate resources, I urge you to contact:

  • 911 or go to your nearest ER if you feel you a danger to yourself or others
  • 211 – in LA County it’s the social service directory for grief groups, therapy resources, housing, and more. It’s also online, google, “211”
  • LA County Access hotline for a psychiatric evaluation wherever you are located. The ACCESS/HOTLINE Phone number is : 1-800-854-7771. ACCESS operates 24 hours/day, 7 days/week as the entry point for mental health services in Los Angeles County.
  • Email me at if you’d like to inquire about an appointment with me in the Long Beach area. I can also help connect you to other therapists if you live elsewhere.
  • If you would like to access your insurance mental health benefits, there should be a Member Phone number on the back of your insurance card. Ask them for their list of approved therapists. They can also email it to you, making it easy to cross reference the list on where you can check their profiles out.

Thank you for reading. Follow me on Instagram under @mendingrootstherapy to get updates about new articles, quotes and other musings on mental health.

*Disclaimer: I am a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for me to earn fees by linking to You should also know that I stand by my recommendations as I read or use everything I recommend. The fees earned from go toward purchasing more books and materials used in my practice. 

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